Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2022
What programming language to learn in 2022? How to understand which is the best? Which primary or helping technology will allow you to get a well-paid job? These are not easy decisions to make; they require some awareness and guidance. Some languages are widespread and full-featured, while others are fashionable but less well known among HR managers. Anyway, a programmer trying to find a job with the mentioned skills can face difficulties. Other programming languages are outdated and may, for instance, make it pretty hard for a programmer with 20 years of experience to compete in the job market. Other languages may be in high demand, but they can take considerable time, resources, and effort to master. It would be a good choice to evaluate the relevance of the language for the specific scope of programming in which the programmer specializes. For example, SQL may mostly come in handy for front- and back-end programmers, while it would be less relevant for mobile application developers. In general, it is a safe choice to continue to learn the language that you already know, which is also fresh - there's a non-decreasing demand for young programmers from that language for several years․ An accurate assessment will make it possible to confidently forecasts the market demand on the given language in the tech industry in the foreseeable future. There is plenty of online tools - survey-based or automated ones, keeping track of which programming languages are most in-demand nowadays. It allows for choosing the most popular languages or making predictions about future trending languages.
Here are a few such tools.
• PYPL - This tool monitors searches for the “[language] tutorial” keyword on Google and compares results to that from a year ago. That's a good indicator to evaluate how many programmers use the language.
• TIOBE Index - is a similar tool that presents a monthly index. It works like the previous one, following up the Google trends and analyzing which languages are more profitable. It has been tracking data since 2001.
• IEEE Spectrum - This combines data from various Internet sources to determine which languages have registered growth. It can be categorized by trend, job search or any custom metric.
• StackOverflow developers surveys - Stack Overflow is a popular Q&A tool that runs annual surveys among its users. Here you can find the most in-demand languages among programmers as well as the most unpopular ones. Let's examine the pros and cons of some programming languages.
As of 2022, Python seems to be the best language to learn. It's been a while since it ranks first in popularity among languages. Regardless of its wide use and the significant number of users, it is in high demand among HR specialists, who'd be keen to hire professionals. So what makes Python so deserved? Though released in 1991, it got a second wind, and here's why.
➡️ It's coherent and easy to learn. Its legible syntax helps to get rid of unimportant code.
➡️ It is powerful yet flexible, and it seems possible to implement almost any feature with Python. You can use the app to write, expand activity in high-tech industries such as machine learning, or try its skills in web development. A wide range of frameworks and libraries, from Django to TensorFlow և NumPy, makes it possible to implement any idea.
➡️ The growth of Python as a language is surprising and shows no signs of stopping. That means even more jobs, courses, libraries, and available resources. The problem is that Python has been so popular for so long that it can easily get overwhelmed. The versatility of the language somehow neutralizes this, but such a scenario seems quite possible.
Ironically, Python programming itself is not a very desirable job. And here's why: when you get a job, you have to show your Python skills for more specialized roles, let's say, as a data analyst, web developer or machine learning engineer. This last point probably means getting to know some Python libraries and seeing what you can do.
Java is quite an old technology. Launched in 1995, it remains one of the most popular programming languages. The thing is that Java keeps on supporting Android applications, web backends and even home appliances, such as TVs. More than 15 million devices run Java. Thanks to Java virtual machines, it is platform-neutral and can run on any device. It has a good learning curve, meaning it is possible to make an easy and smooth transition from a mid-level programmer to an advanced level. One of the shortages of Java is that if you are a junior, it will be pretty hard to find your place as there is a large number of senior developers with 20+ years of experience. Another factor is that the propagation speed of popularity of ultra-modern languages, such as Python, will reduce the demand for Java in the future.
Swift appears exclusively in Apple products, where it's considered an indisputable leader for application developers. You will choose this language if you are interested in Mac or iOS software. The only problem is that it is poorly translatable out of its context. It can be used for other devices too, but this range is somewhat limited by the Apple operating system. Yet, Swift is a very high-speed language with good performance. Designed as an alternative to Objective-C, it incorporates the best features of the last and is considered an easy-to-learn language for beginners.
Swift and Java are top languages for mobile application development, but Kotlin is also noteworthy. It is much easier to study than Java and supports interaction with Java, so if you have already started a project with Java, you will not have to start from scratch when it needs to convert to Kotlin. In addition, Kotlin is applicable for building iOS applications thanks to Kotlin Multiplatform. It is not as widespread as Swift, though has as much flexibility and potential.
If you're looking to learn a flexible language with a full scope of functionality, C ++ is what you need. C ++ is a many-sided programming language that allows you to create everything from simple applications to complete operating systems. Just one hurdle: learning C ++ is not the easiest of tasks. The language will allow you to study the basics of programming and build programs, but it will take much longer to get started than, say, Python. It appeared a whole decade before Java, so it is much older and has similar problems. Meanwhile, it does not have the popularity of Java. But if you want to build programs and applications with a rich background based on reliable code, it is worth considering the C ++ as an ideal option.
While C ++ is meanwhile engaging with its theory and is difficult to understand, it is worth trying C # (C Sharp) instead. This object-oriented language is not as all-purpose as C++. It is designed for programming applications. Instead, it is rather effortless to master. It solves many problems automatically. While other languages require manual writing of the whole code, C# is a time-saving option in this regard. Since it is easy to master, it is also a friendly option for code learners as the first programming language to learn.
If you are interested in data science, statistics and graphics then R is for you. It can analyze and visualize big data. This feature sets it apart from а considerate number of languages. On the one hand, R is not so easy to learn. Even if it is not your first programming language, you may be struggling to cope with the syntax. It becomes even more difficult if you study it as a first language. On the other hand, it opens the door to the possibility to enter highly paid industries that include business, research, statistics, and economics.
SQL is a language that deals with data and databases. It is advantageous when you want to enter the field of web programming or data analysis. On the other hand, if you plan to focus more on application programming, the SQL language is unlikely to be needed. But in some cases, especially in backend programming, knowledge of SQL will be appropriate. A programmer who can work effectively with a database will be a valuable professional in a web development team.
Ruby is a universal, object-oriented programming language in many aspects resembling Python. While it's not much widespread or enjoying popularity, it has its advantages. Usually, they describe it as an elegant language. Ruby is commonly used in software development, whilst its Ruby on Rails framework is a popular solution among web developers. Many web applications are based on it.
Go is a universal language created by Google. It's a good choice for beginners, being one of the easiest languages to learn. Released in 2012, it is relatively young but has a lot of fans. Go mostly resembles C-based languages than Python. Scope of application of the Go language includes programming systems, servers and networks, simple applications etc. Due to Go being relatively new, it will be easy to find a job with these skills. It will also be considered a big plus when applying for a job offer from Google.